ANTLERS of WILD REINDEER
CARIBOU (Rangifer tarandus) from SIBERIA
of using velvet antlers for medical purposes counts more than 2000 years.
The word "antler" itself derives from the Latin Anteoculae which
can be translated as "in front of the eyes". The first evidence
of deer velvet use in medicine was documented on a silk scroll found in
a tomb in Hunan China. The scroll dates back to 168 B.C. The use of antler
dates back to the Han Dynasty 206 BC to 220 AD. Later in the 16th century
several antler preparations including pills, tinctures, and ointments
were listed in the medical text of Pen Ts'ao Kang Mu.
It should be admitted that the antlers use as a medicine was know not
only to Chinese. Thus in Russia, the documented use of deer velvet dates
to the late 1400s, when antlers were referred to as "horns of gold".
Since then medicinal use of antler became so common that deer farming
was introduced to Russia in the 1840s.
But only since the 1930s have the first attempts to provide sound scientific
research into antlers' therapeutic effectiveness been conducted by Russian
scientists and pharmacists. As a result, more than 100 articles on the
subject were published. Hundreds of articles have since been published
in China, Korea, Japan, Russia, New Zeeland, Canada.
In 1970s Drs. Takikawa and Kajihara found that pantocrin sped up the healing
process of damaged neural tissues.
In the 1988, perhaps one of the most important effects of velvet antler
was discovered by Japanese scientists Wang and associates. They found
that velvet antler has an anti-aging effect.
In 1999, the use of velvet antler was scientifically supported by clinical
research in compliance with FDA regulations for its beneficial effects
in treating arthritis. However, empirical evidence suggests several other
therapeutically valuable actions including immune stimulation, anti-aging,
protective and rejuvenating effects, and beneficial effects in blood and
In the North America this product has become known only in the last decade.
Nowadays, the American antler market is expanding as more and more Americans
turn to holistic medicine.
It is important to admit that antlers are a naturally renewable resource.
No deer generally are killed for their antlers.
Velvet antler refers to the living tissue from the growing antler of the
Cervus genus of deer, notably the red deer, Cervus elaphus, as well as
elk. The soft antler of the deer is removed from the deer when it has
grown just two or three spikes and is still covered by velvet. Hence,
to obtain velvet there is no need to kill the deer as new antlers grow
that same season and they are let to ossify so the velvet is not harvested
until the next growing season. The tip of the antler is the most potent
part because it contains the most active substances.
is mainly used as an adaptogen with strong healing properties.
Short-term use of Pantocrine quickly improves energy level,
helps to build muscular strength, stamina, increases libido,
and sexual function by rejuvenating reproductive and endocrine
organs. Long-term effect of Pantocrine demonstrates reversal
of aging processes in internal organs.
Most scientists assume that all of velvet's healing properties
are derived not from a single active ingredient, rather, from
the synergistic effect of two or three of its constituents.
Among many of the beneficial effects of Pantocrin are the
Aging Reversal and Rejuvenation: Aging signs reduction,
memory improvement, body muscle mass and bone density increase,
plasma testosterone increase, decrease of oxidative activity
in the liver and brain , liver protein content increase are
among Pantocrin effects. Recent studies in Russia and Japan
show that Pantocrin use promotes production of Human Growth
Hormone, which reverses aging processes in the body. Basically,
Pantocrin significantly alters the metabolism.
in Libido and Sexual Performance: Pantocrin increases
circulation in reproductive organs and stimulates production
of testosterone and its metabolites. It is proved to be an
effective remedy for impotence, as well as for increasing
libido and general sexual performance. Also reported numerous
benefits are reported for menopausal women and in addition
significant stress reduction, which also improved intimacy.
of Heart Muscle: Pantocrin improves cardiac circulation
and metabolism to avoid cardiac muscle fatigue which may develop
as a result of chronic hypertension, disorders of circulation,
ischemia, diabetes and prolonged psychological stress.
Blood Pressure Lowering: Pantocrin increases dilation of the
peripheral blood vessels and thus lowers blood pressure. Pantocrin
extract counteracts the effect of previously administered
adrenaline. Velvet acts in a manner similar to the neurotransmitter
acetylcholine, which causes cardiac inhibition and vasodilatation.
Blood Building Effect: Pantocrin is effective in fighting
anemia and is able to increase levels of blood cells and hemoglobin
in the body. Tests with preparations of velvet antler have
shown it to increase production of both red blood cells to
a higher degree and white blood cells to a lesser degree.
Pantocrin facilitates utilization of oxygen by liver, brain,
kidney and endocrine organs.
Stress Defense: Pantocrin is shown to be effective in treatment
of mental and muscular fatigue, asthenia, neuroses, stress-related
disorders, low immunity and hypotension. It also proves to
be effective in helping the body to maintain homeostasis against
head, cold and electric shock. Such an effect is commonly
linked to pantocrin ability to decrease mast cell degranulation.
Osteoporosis Treatment and Prevention: Pantocrin prevents
pathologic fractures that develop in 50% of females and 20%
of males with osteoporosis via increasing bone density.
Bone Healing and Recovery from Traumatic Injury: Pantocrin
increases levels of glucose in bones and stimulates faster
deposition of calcium and phosphate salts into healing bones
and cartilages. Moreover, nerve tissue is healed faster which
can be explained by the ability to enhance glycosis to nerve
Remedy: Pantocrin shows to reduce symptoms of arthritis
as it stimulates growth and healing in all the tissues.
Recovery after Major Surgeries and Acute Infectious Disorders:
Pantocrin is invaluable during recovery period where it enhances
the process of healing and building back muscle mass, increasing
Strengthening of Immune System: Pantocrin injections
stimulate the phagocytic function of macrophages. Pantocrin
increases the number of both red and white blood cells and
thus helps to complement directly the ability both to resist
and fight disease and hence to promote and maintain health
and an associated feeling of well being.
Anti-cancer Activity: Some researches have demonstrated
that velvet may have some anti-tumor effects against some
forms of cancer cells.
Anti-inflammatory Effects: Pantocrin shows strong anti-inflammatory
effects due to its ability to stimulate the production of
white blood cells which help to fight against infections.
Liver Protection: Pantocrin helps to protect liver from damage
caused by carbon tetrachloride.
Reduction of Cholesterol: Pantocrin may cause the cholesterol
to be filtered from the blood, thereby increasing kidney levels
but lowering levels elsewhere. It is very important as high
cholesterol levels are a known risk factor for heart disease.
Unique Composition: all essential amino acids, including tryptophane,
lysine, glycine, methionine and others. Cartilage components
contain anti-inflammatory substances, chondroitin sulfate,
from antlers of wild reindeer have a powerful anti-aging action, modulate
sexual activity, mental alertness, muscle tone, lung efficiency, lower
recovery time after exertion. The Velvet Antlers possesses high antioxidant,
anti-stress, and immunomodulation activity. It activates the DNA repairing
processes and contributes to gene stability. The antler products defend
the body from different mutagenes - ionizing radiation, heavy metals,
chemical mutagenes, viruses and others. Russians, who term velvet antlers
"panty", usually take the antlers from wild reindeer, caribou (Rangifer
tarandus), which is 2-4 times more potent, as compared to the farmed
animals. Wild reindeer differ from other species by their high content
of complex biologically active substances contributing to their survivability
in the extreme conditions of the Arctic Regions of Siberia. Pharmacological
potency and chemical diversity of the "panty" of these reindeer
are much higher than that of other deer. Scientists are considering whether
the migration of reindeers through vast territories free of industrial
pollution stimulates the powerfully protective biologically active substances
needed for survival in such severe Siberian climates. In caribou (Rangifer
tarandus) antlers are found not only on males, but female also. This
phenomenon indicates that hormonal activity is very high in this unique
Multiple studies show that velvet antler mostly (50%) is composed of amino
acids (also called building blocks of life) including all essential amino
acids. Lipids, proteins, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, and trace minerals,
including manganese, zinc, calcium and selenium are also found in velvet
The composition may vary depending on the period and place of velvet antler
harvesting (it is broadly stated that protein and lipids increase from
the base to tip and ash decreases), place of deer growing, the way of
deer growing (the researches show that the diversity (nomenclature of
biologically active substances) in antlers from wild deer is 3-6 times
higher. Velvet antlers of the Siberian wild reindeer are much more active
than farmed animals).
Nevertheless, on average, whole velvet antler composition is: protein:
52.5%, ash (minerals): 34.0%, moisture: 1.0%, lipids: 2.5%
More detailed overview of velvet antler's composition is represented in
the table below.
II is found in velvet. The decrease of this element can lead to both
osteo- and rheumatoid arthritis.
contains all eight essential that must be supplied by food or supplements
for normal metabolism and growth. It also contains some 15 nonessential
free amino acids
contains not only predominantly calcium, phosphorus and sodium, but
also magnesium, manganese, selenium and iron.
fatty acids, gangliosides, lecithin, phospholipids, cholesterol, steroids
and prostaglandins, among others, are found velvet. An important fact
is that velvet prostaglandins can induce vasodepression, smooth muscle
contractions and influence lipid metabolism.
(GAGs), including the most prominent, chondroitin sulfate, and less-prominent
glucosamine sulfate, are also present in velvet. GAGs play an important
metabolic role in connective tissue and joint health.
growing antler also contains fibro- and chondroblasts (cells from
which connective tissue and cartilage are developed, respectively);
chondro- and osteocytes (cartilage and bone cells); growth factors
(GF), which include epidermal and nerve GFs, insulinlike GF I and
II, and transforming alpha and beta GFs; and cytokines (an immune
fact that scientist already know a lot about velvet antlers' composition,
the lack of complete understanding of the chemical and pharmacological properties
of velvet antlers is still observed. This is the main obstacle to the marketing
of this product. Meanwhile, Russian scientists continue their extensive
scientific studies on antlers.
The caribou has in the past been utilized extensively for its meat and
fur, but now, perhaps most importantly, for its antlers. According to
modern estimates the deer population is around 5 million. The main producers
of antlers are New Zealand (500 tons/year), China (400 tons/year), Russia
(100 tons/year), USA (50 tons/year) and Canada (30 tons/year). Incredibly,
almost 90% of all antler production is consumed in Korea. Although Russia
produces less than China or New Zealand, the quality of Russian raw material
is much more superior as it comes mostly from wild Reindeer (Rangifer
tarandus), not farmed ones. The antlers of the wild young Siberian
stag contain 2-4 times more biologically active ingredients comparing
to the content in domestically farmed animals.
Velvet antlers are produce in various forms which include powders, extracts,
teas, capsules, and tablets. Though, there are some restrictions for the
processing technology due to the fact that beneficial properties of velvet
antler can be destroyed or at least reduced by heating as it causes denaturing
of the proteins. Therefore it is extremely important not to heat velvet
antlers during processing. Flash-freezing and freeze-drying preserves
the antler compounds in pristine condition. The essential technological
advancement is required for effective delivery of velvet antler compounds
into the human body to avoid loss of potency. For this purpose a special
protective envelope, called a "polymer matrix," has been developed.
It enables velvet antler which is a short-lived extract, to be suspended
in liquid and retain its integrity and potency during its shelf life as
a packaged liquid. Moreover, it allows complex proteins to pass into the
bloodstream directly through the mucous membranes of the mouth. This enables
complex growth factors and cofactors, such as those found in velvet antler,
to bypass the digestive system and avoid degradation of the potency and
effectiveness of the formula.
- is the light yellow transparent water alcochol extract tincture
obtained from Velvet antlers (not ossified horns) of noble
(maral), manchurian deer or spotty deer.
contains phospholipides and microelements. It acts as mild
stimulant, normalize blood preasure, stimulates the function
of gastrointestinal tract.
PANTOCRIN apply as a natural tonic in astenic and fatigue
persons, dicreased high blood pressure.
bottle 50 ml
Dosage for adults and children over 12: 25-40 drops
30 min before food intake 2-3 times a day during 3-4 weeks.
If necessary, course can be administered up to 4 times a year.
Course: 1 month (2-3 bottles). For full recovery 3
courses are needed. Take 1 month, then have a 10 days break,
then intake 1 month, then 10 days break and finaly take 1
effects: individual intolerance (an itch, a headacke).
In these cases application of a preparation should be stopped.
very high blood pressure, advanced atherosclerosis, heart
failue, heavy nephrytus, increased coagulability of blood,